Reasons And Persons

Author: Derek Parfit
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191622443
Size: 48.80 MB
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This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity.

Rethinking The Good

Author: Larry S. Temkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190208651
Size: 25.61 MB
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1 See part 4, chapter 19 of his Reasons and Persons (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 1984). 2 It is simplified in omitting Parfit's “Divided B,” which does not affect
my argument. Parfit's first version of the Mere Addition Paradox appears in part 4
of Reasons and Persons, sections 142–47 (pp. 419–33). 3 Parfit puts his
discussion in terms of beneficence; for simplicity, I have recast it in terms of utility.
The shift in terminology does not affect my arguments.4 See Reasons and
Persons, ...

Utilitarianism Hedonism And Desert

Author: Fred Feldman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521598422
Size: 71.15 MB
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Essays in Moral Philosophy Fred Feldman. 10 Justice, desert, and the
Repugnant Conclusion I. INTRODUCTORY COMMENT In Chapter 17 of his
magnificent Reasons and Persons, Derek Parfit asks what he describes as an '
awesome question': 'How many people should there ever be?'1 For a utilitarian
like me, the answer seems simple: there should be however many people it takes
to make the world best. Unfortunately, if I answer Parfit's awesome question in
this way, I may sink ...

The Point Of View Of The Universe

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191022438
Size: 10.50 MB
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... in Greek Ethics, 172–3. 6 Parfit takes this quote from Sidgwick in On What
Matters, i. 142. 7 Parfit, Reasons and Persons, 140–4. 8 Parfit, Reasons and
Persons, 144. 9 Nagel, The Possibility of Altruism, 58–62. 10 Nagel, The
Possibility of Altruism, 87–8, 104–7. 11 Parfit, email to de LazariRadek, July 2012
. 12 Parfit, Reasons and Persons, 124–6. 13 Parfit, Reasons and Persons, 94. 14
Parfit's argument for his view of personal identity can be found in Reasons and
Persons, 198–217.

Introducing Philosophy Through Film

Author: Richard Fumerton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405171022
Size: 32.38 MB
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Reasons. and. Persons. Derek. Parfit. Derek Parfit, Reasons and Persons (Oxford
: Oxford University Press, 1984), pp. 82–91. Reprinted with permission from
Oxford University Press. 20 A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality John
Perry. Overdetermination Return now to the pints of water and the wounded men.
Let us add some features to this case. Suppose that, before the water-cart is
driven to these men, you arrive, with another pint. The wounded men need more
than a ...

On What Matters

Author: Derek Parfit
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019968104X
Size: 18.66 MB
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This is the second volume of a major new work in moral philosophy. It starts with critiques of Derek Parfit's work by four eminent moral philosophers, and his responses.

Explaining The Reasons We Share

Author: Mark Schroeder
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191022926
Size: 63.17 MB
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Persons, which seems difficult to reject. Moreover, the only cause Parfit could
have to reject premise 1 would be modesty; indeed the Oxford promotional
materials for On What Matters describe Reasons and Persons as “one of the
landmarks of twentiethcentury philosophy.” Since substantive normative ethics is
only one branch of twentiethcentury philosophy, and an underappreciated one at
that, it is safe to conclude that any contribution to substantive normative ethics
that is also a ...

Reasons For Action

Author: B.C. Postow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940172850X
Size: 78.34 MB
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It is not required that our rational intuitions agree with the implications of a
Reasons Theory for a world of radically altered metaphysical truths. Intuitions
about particular cases can never be decisive. If particular attitudes have an
evolutionary explanation, then the intuition that these attitudes are rational cannot
be used to support the opinion that they are rational. A theory need not agree
with hasty generalizations from particular intuitions. 121-122 of Reasons and
Persons, where he ...

Reduction Explanation And Realism

Author: David Owain Maurice Charles
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198751311
Size: 35.66 MB
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According to Derek Parfit, the existence of a person just consists in the existence
of a brain and body and the occurrence of an interrelated series of mental and
physical events.1 Parfit calls his view 'reductionism', but there is more to this view
than is suggested by the ... Quassim Cassam 1992 * I am much indebted to John
Campbell and David Charles for their comments on an earlier version of this
paper 1 See his Reasons and Persons (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984),