The Value Of Rationality

Author: Ralph Wedgwood
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192523740
Size: 70.99 MB
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The central claim of the book is that rationality is a normative concept. This claim is defended against some recent objections. Normative concepts are to be explained in terms of values (not in terms of 'ought' or reasons).

Intellectual Pursuits

Author: Bernard Barber
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847688609
Size: 72.49 MB
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Rationality1 1 Rational empirical behavior and thought occurs to some extent in
all societies, even the simplest. Human life is impossible without it, both with
regard to how we deal with the natural world and how we treat our families and
fellows. By the value of rationality we mean something more than behavior. We
mean the morally approved, the emotionally supported, the "institutionalized," as
the sociologist would say, preference for rational practice throughout wide areas
of the ...

Education S Epistemology

Author: Harvey Siegel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019068268X
Size: 11.83 MB
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Education's Epistemology extends and further defends Harvey Siegel's "reasons conception" of critical thinking.

The Glorious Koran

Author: John Kekes
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780873953566
Size: 60.88 MB
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value. "The irrational 'is t insists that emotions and s- . - . passions rather than
reason are the 0l raXlOricLllty mainsprings of human action. To the rationalist's
reply that, though this may be so, we should do what we can to remedy it . . .the
irrationalist would rejoin that this attitude is hopelessly unrealistic, . . . It is my firm
conviction that this irrational emphasis upon emotion and passion leads
ultimately to what I can only describe as crime. One reason for this opinion is that
this attitude.

Values Clarification In Counseling And Psychotherapy

Author: Howard Kirschenbaum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199989788
Size: 19.68 MB
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Here again, certain value judgments are implicit in each process. If we urge a
thoughtful process of weighing pros and cons, then we value rationality. If we
promote thinking about alternatives, then we value creativity. If we uphold free
choice, then we value autonomy or freedom. If, in our counseling practice, we
honor each client's autonomy, then we uphold the value of respect. If, in our
group counseling or psychoeducational groups, we support each member's right
to participate and ...

Reason And Rationality In Health And Human Services Delivery

Author: Jean A Pardeck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317948602
Size: 12.22 MB
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Virtually every undertaking is thought to be upgraded by practices that enhance
rationality. Research methodologies, laboratory techniques, or intervention
strategies that reflect reason are presumed to facilitate treatment. Because
reason is purc, or innocent, as some contemporary writers claim, the value of
rationality is seldom questioned (Murphy, 1989). What reasonable person, in
short, attacks rationality? REASON AND DUALISM Nonetheless, a host of
contemporary critics has ...

Max Weber Democratic Politics

Author: Peter Breiner
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801431470
Size: 31.99 MB
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4—5). As a consequence, all values claiming rational validity as intrinsic ends
are regarded as "beliefs." For example the ethical claim that an action is
motivated by rationally grounded imperatives consists merely in a "belief" in their
rational grounding. Of course, to treat the rational claims of most values as beliefs
is to fail to understand them as values at all, because if they were mere beliefs,
we would have no reason to follow them. Second, and most important, Weber
reduces value ...

Value And Justification

Author: Gerald F. Gaus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521397339
Size: 74.91 MB
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We will see that our value systems presuppose moral principles, but our
commitment to these moral principles derives from their fbundational place in our
valuational perspectives. What is valued and what is morally right are intertwined
in complex ways. The argument of Chapter VI, in which I explicate this relation
between values and morals, upholds what I call Value-Grounded Rationalism. I
contrast this to what I take is the orthodox view of practical rationality: that one
always has ...

The Origin Of Values

Author: Raymond Boudon
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412838142
Size: 49.86 MB
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A Seminal and Difficult Notion: “Axiological Rationality” 1 The concept of “
axiological rationality” (my translation of Wertrationalita't) is possibly one of the
most difficult of all the concepts Weber put on the market. Sometimes the
expression is understood as describing situations where a social actor acts in
conformity with the values he has internalized. Sometimes it is entirely rejected
as meaningless, as a contradiction between the two terms “value” and “rationality
.” I have conducted no ...

Encyclopedia Of Educational Theory And Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483364755
Size: 26.29 MB
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The key point is that any serious question—such as about what one should do or
how one should spend one's time—must be a request for reasons for doing this
or that which demand rational and informed (or rationally informed) answers. This
rather general argument about the value of reason is then (variously) developed
in the direction of the second point that to be capable of serious rational response
to any (skeptical or other) question one needs to be equipped with certain very ...